LANGUA: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Education <p style="text-align: justify;">Langua is Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Education (e-ISSN: 2623-1565). This journal publishes articles twice a year (April and October). Langua accepts submissions from English Teachers, Lecturers, Linguists, and Researchers in terms of Research Report and Original Article. Langua is also an open reviewed journal dedicated to promoting scholarly exchange among teachers, lecturers, and researchers in the field of English Language Teaching. Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original, and full-length articles that are not under review in any other journals. The submission procedure in Langua employs Online Submission.</p> English Department of STKIP Kie Raha Ternate en-US LANGUA: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Education 2623-1565 <p align="justify">Authors who publish with Langua Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Education agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in Langua.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Langua.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> Linguistic Politeness in Public Virtual Communication <p>Linguistic politeness has become an interesting discussion among linguists. Many thoughts and concepts have been constructed in order to explain the phenomenon of linguistic politeness. In fact, there are controversies among these concepts or models. However, currently available models of linguistic politeness tend to focus on direct (face-to-face) communication. What about public virtual communication? This article aims to discuss linguistic politeness in public virtual communication where important elements in the models of linguistic politeness that exist today can be tested. By trawling the comments of several videos on YouTube, we found that positive politeness is the polarity of politeness that is mostly used. Meanwhile, negative politeness is still outnumbered even with the bald strategy. Using descriptive analysis, we express the opinion that positive politeness is no longer a communication strategy in public virtual communication but a norm. Linguistic politeness is only really identified in negative politeness because even though they don't know each other and therefore social distance cannot be measured, they still use negative politeness to maintain their self-esteem and the people they communicate with. In this regard, it is very clear that linguistic courtesy in public virtual communication is a "face-saving" act, especially negative politeness.</p> Z Zainurrahman Mintesya Kofau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 3 2 1 17 10.5281/zenodo.4047249 Bari Culture: An Integrated-Collaborative Learning Strategy of Writing Exposition Text <p>This article gives an explanation of the concept of integrative-collaborative culture of new cultures as a strategy in Indonesian Language Learning (PBI). The aim is to provide a perspective on the importance of innovation in learning. This article was written using a descriptive analytical approach. The strategy of writing an integrative-collaborative exposition text of the new culture is applied with syntax, namely 1) apperception, 2) conceptual explanation, 3) forming groups, 4) gathering information, 5) processing information, 6) communicating, and 7) reflection. Assessments are carried out through portfolios and observations, while gradations that can be assessed include attitudes, knowledge, and skills. In the process, the teacher must assist each group intensively.</p> Masayu Gay Idrus Ahmad Julia Ismail ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 3 2 18 25 10.5281/zenodo.4047251 Vulgar Expressions among Youth in Duma Village (A Sociolinguistic Perspective) <p>This research was conducted with the aim of 1) Describing the form of vulgar language used by adolescents in Duma Village, West Galela District. 2) Knowing the context of the use of vulgar language which is often used by adolescents in Duma Village, West Galela District. This research uses descriptive qualitative research methods. Through this qualitative descriptive method, the researcher will describe the use of swear language by adolescents in Duma Village, West Galela District. The place of research used by researchers for research (observation) is in Duma Village, West Galela District. Researchers conducted research in Duma Village with the consideration that researchers are part of the Duma community so that it will facilitate researchers in the data collection process. The time needed in this research is 2 (two) months, starting from May to July 2020. Data collection techniques are observation, interviews, and documentation. To perform data analysis, researchers used qualitative techniques, namely data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results of the study prove that 1) the form of vulgar language (swearing) used by adolescents in Duma Village, West Galela Subdistrict, there are two forms, namely cursing which is used based on the form of word units used by Duma adolescents in smaller word units and cannot be broken down again. In addition, there are curses used by teenagers in the form of phrases in the form of units that do not exceed the limits of the elements of the grammatical function. 2) The context of using vulgar language (swearing) which is often used by adolescents in Duma Village, West Galela Subdistrict, is a form of emotional outburst when angry, teasing friends, joking, admiring, and insulting fellow teenagers. The context of the use of cursing by teenagers in Duma is both conscious (intentional) and unconscious (unintentional).</p> Sartika Samad Agus Boriri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 3 2 26 35 10.5281/zenodo.4047255 The Effect of Applying Mind Mapping Method in Writing Descriptive Text <p>Writing is one of the four aspects of language skills that a person must possess. By writing, someone can generate interesting ideas and then pour them into writing. The mind mapping method is applied to see how the method influences writing student description texts. This study aims to identify the effect of the mind mapping method on writing descriptive texts for students of SMK Muhammadiyah Tidore Kepulauan. The subjects are students of class XI for the 2020/2021 school year. This study uses a quantitative design. The instrument used by researchers is a test. The analysis technique used to measure student work is by using descriptive text rubrics. &nbsp; The implementation of learning to write descriptive text using the mind mapping method in class XI students is carried out effectively, smoothly, and thoroughly, which can be seen from the seriousness of the students in participating in learning. Previously students were bored, but when learning was done using the mind mapping method, students were enthusiastic and very creative in making mind maps and concentrated very much on writing a descriptive text. The mind mapping method has a positive influence on writing the descriptive text for class XI students of SMK Muhammadiyah Tidore Kepulauan. This can be seen in the learning outcomes that the scores of the results of writing the descriptive text of students using the mind mapping method have increased between the pre-test and post-test scores, the pre-test average score is 51,3 while the post-test average score is 90,6.</p> Nurmala Basri S Syamsia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 3 2 36 56 10.5281/zenodo.4087103 Variety of Alay Languages on the Market Place for Selling and Buying Online of Ternate <p>This brief overview aims to describe the forms of the Alay language especially in the Ternate online market place (a trading forum on the Facebook platform). This type of research is qualitative research, which produces descriptive data in the form of words or words of people and observed behavior. The data collection procedure was carried out by making observations. Meanwhile, the data analysis technique used in this research includes four stages, namely (1) data collection, (2) data reduction, (3) data presentation, and (4) verification / drawing conclusions. The results showed that the use of Alay language in the market place for buying and selling in Ternate was in the form of words by removing certain letters from the words.</p> Pipit Aprilia Susanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 3 2 57 60 10.5281/zenodo.4047279