The Analysis of Code Switching Found in The Twitter Account @natanattda

  • Putu Delita Tiswani Sanjaya Universitas Udayana
  • Ni Luh Nyoman Seri Malini Udayana University
  • I Made Suastra Udayana University
Keywords: code-switching, types and reasons, twitter


The phenomenon of code-switching occurs in everyday life as speech or text on social media. One example is found in Twitter, a social media platform that has received a lot of attention in recent years. This study aimed to determine (1) what types of code-switching are used and (2) why code-switching is used on Twitter accounts @natanattda. The research was carried out using qualitative methods. Reading and searching for tweets from the @natanattda account is a method of collecting data in this study. The theory applied when conducting this study was proposed by Poplack in Romaine (1995) about analyze the different types of code-switching. Another theory was proposed by Hoffman (1991) about the reasons for using code-switching. In this study, two points were discovered through data analysis. The first point was about the various types of code-switching, including Tag switching, Inter-sentential switching, and Intra-sentential switching. The second point was about the reasons for using code-switching. The most dominant type of code-switching found in the data is Inter-sentential switching. From the seven reasons for using the code-switching theory proposed by Hoffman (1991), only two reasons found from this account's tweets include talking about a particular topic and being emphatic about something (expressing solidarity). The most dominant reason for using code-switching found in the data is talking about a particular topic.




Download data is not yet available.


Anggraeni, Dwinesa. (2021). Types of Code Switching Used in The Naked Traveler Novel. Scope: Journal of English Language Teaching, 5(2), 63-66. Retrieved February 21, 2023 from
Appel, Rene and Musyaken, p. (1987). Language Contact and Bilingualism. Hodder and Stoughton.
Ary Iswanto Wibowo, Idah Yuniasih, Fera Nelfianti. (2017). Analysis of Types Code Switching and Code Mixing by the Sixth President of Republic Indonesia’s Speech at the National of Independence Day. Progressive, 8(2), 13-22. Retrieved May 2, 2022, from
Cahayany, Indah Dwi. (2019) English Code-Switching in Indonesian Magazine Articles. JELTS: Journal of English Language Teaching and Cultural Studies, 2(1), 73-85. Retrieved February 21, 2023 from
Hoffman, C. (1991). An Introduction to Bilingualism. 110. Longman Group UK Limited.
Holmes, Janet. (2013). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Fourth Edition. Routledge
Romaine, S. (1995). Bilingualism. 2nd edn. Blackwell.
Prabowo, Thomas Wahyu Mukti. Muljani, Retno. (2016). Code Switching in the Instructions of English Language Education. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 19(1), 46-60. Retrieved February 21, 2023 from
Romaine, Suzane. (1995). Bilingualism, Second Edition. Blackwell.
Rusli, Wan Nur Syaza Sahira Wan. Shaari, Azianura Hani. Zainuddin, Siti Zaidah. Shi, Ng Lay. Amin, Aizan Sofia. (2018). Intra and Intersentential Code switching Phenomena in Modern Malay Songs. The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 24(3), 184 – 205. Retrieved May 6, 2022, from
Sadya, Sarnita. (2023). Indonesia Masuk Negara Paling Banyak Main Twitter pada Awal 2023. Retrieved on February 23, 2023 from
Sihombing, Riris Desnia. Meisuri. Code Switching in social media Twitter. Linguistica: Journal of Linguistics of FBS UNIMED, 3(2), 128-143. Retrieved May 5, 2022, from
Stockwell, P. (2002). Sociolinguistics: A resource book for students. Routledge.
Spolsky, B. (1998). Sociolinguistics. Oxford introductions to language study. Oxford University Press.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. (1986). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (4th ed.). Blackwell.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. (1998). An introduction to Sociolinguistics. Blackwell.
How to Cite
Sanjaya, P., Malini, N. L. N., & Suastra, I. (2023). The Analysis of Code Switching Found in The Twitter Account @natanattda. Langua: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Education, 6(1), 72-80.